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They find in the Great Blue Hole of Belize keys of the Disappearance of the Mayas


A group of researchers from Louisiana State University and Rice University have discovered in the Great Blue Hole of Belize one of the keys that may explain the disappearance of the Maya. The Mayan civilization flourished in the Yucatan peninsula.

These ancient Mesoamericans built impressive pyramids, mastered astronomy, developed a hieroglyphic writing system, and created a system calendar that is famous for supposedly predicting that the world would end in 2012. The Big Blue Hole is a sink located on the Lighthouse Reef , an atoll about 100 km off the coast of Belize, which is 300 meters wide and 123 meters deep.

At its origin was a system of limestone caves, when sea levels were lower. When the ocean level rose, the caves were flooded and the roof sank forming so sigular hole. The Great Blue Hole, according to scientists was a cave, but in hundreds of years the tide went up and submerged.

Scientists have found sediments and rocks from the declining era of the Mayan Empire (between 800 and 1000 BC), and have detected low amounts of aluminum in them, according to The Guardian newspaper. titanium, which reveal great amount of tropical rains.

These data, published in a study, point to a severe drought at that time that could be key to the extinction of this Mesoamerican civilization. Although they have already found evidence of this drought, the Great Blue Hole is the area best aligned with Tikal, the ancient capital of the Maya, and is also on the route of tropical storms passing through this ancient city.